As the 1800s closed to an end, China was in a philosophical, ideological, and in many ways psychological battle internally as foundations of Chinese civilization eroded away by a flood of reform. Advocates for, and resistance to, western ideas and technology were both attempting to save China from collapse. However, modernizers and conservatives did not … Continue reading Reform in China at the Turn of the 20th Century
In Chinese history, the missionary efforts of 16th Century Portuguese Jesuits and 19th Century Europeans contrast each over in practice, intent, and outcome. Both impacted China’s relations with western powers although with opposite effects. The Jesuits’ success can mostly be attributed to one man, Matteo Ricci, whose patient and graceful approach stands stark against the … Continue reading The Role of European Christian Missionaries in China from the 16th to the 19th Century
The presidential election of 2016 was arguably the most divisive in recent history, and with the election of Donald Trump, many feared scandal and impeachment. Politically speaking they were right, as it seems that not a week goes by without leaks, surprising firings, special investigations, and chaos coming out of the White House. The United … Continue reading Donald Trump: Presidential Power and Abuse
Throughout western civilization, the Catholic Church has been one of the most powerful and influential institutions since the dawn of humanity. It has commanded armies in holy wars, made or broke kings and emperors, all while being a shared facet of life for all of humanity for 2,000 years. The church quickly rose to … Continue reading From Persecution to Dominance: Christianity from 290- 390 C.E.
At the time of the early Christian church, Europe and parts of the Middle East were in a state in which diversity flourished, and society was postured for the assimilation of cultures. The successful growth of Christianity was due to centuries of westernization, and much influenced by Hellenism and the Pax Romana. The former grounded … Continue reading How Hellenism, the Pax Romana, and Judaism Politics Shaped the Early Christian Church
When the signers of the Declaration of Independence placed their names in ink on that sacred text, they placed a defining principle of what it means to be a citizen of the United States, “That all men are created equal.”[i]This is something we take for granted today but at the time was a radical statement. … Continue reading THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION AND ITS IMPACT ON SLAVERY